When you have an accident that leads to a significant or even superficial wound, there are certain things that you need to do in order to promote its healing.
Likewise, if you have been burned just slightly, or if the burn is quite large and painful, there are strategies that you can use to not only minimize the scarring, but also accelerate the healing process.
The reason that most people do not think about wounds or burns when they occur is that they are typically not that large and are easy to take care of.
However, if you are looking at a significant injury, one that will require some type of special treatment or even surgery, there are specific things that you should and should not do to accelerate the healing process. Here are the top 20 do’s and don’ts of wound and burned skin care that you should learn today.
5 Do’s For Wounds
1- If you have been injured due to a cut or gash, one of the first things that you will need to do is stop the bleeding right away.
Unless you can stop the bleeding, it will not be possible to treat what has occurred whether by adding a bandage or getting stitches to properly tend to the wound.
This will ensure that a scab can form over the affected area, and it will also allow you or the physician that is tending to your wound to properly so it up if necessary. Once the bleeding has stopped, and it can be attended to, it is time to get it clean.
2- Once you have gotten control of the bleeding, and you are able to sit in a stable location, it is time to properly clean the cut or scrape. You will want to wash this area with mild soap and water so as to avoid possible contamination by debris and also eliminating the possibility of germs causing an infection.
One of the best products to use for this particular purpose is hydrogen peroxide. You can usually get a bottle of it for a dollar or two at your local store, and it can effectively prevent infections from starting and also clean the wound.
3- The next step is to apply some type of gel onto the wound, something like petroleum jelly. This will allow the skin to heal at a much slower process, and if it is a deep wound, this will prevent the scar from becoming too prominent.
Of course, if it is a larger wound, you will want to seek medical treatment right away to have it sewn back together. Once you have this petroleum jelly, or even an antibiotic that comes out of a tube such as a antibacterial ointment, you will be increasing your odds of not having a deep or prominent scar.
4- Changing your bandage every day is something that you need to do once everything has been tended to area if you did this on your own, or if you went to a doctor, you will still need to keep this area clean.
If there is a significant amount of pus that is oozing out which is part of the healing process, you will want to gently remove this, and replace the gauze or bandage that is on top with something fresh, so that you will diminish the possibility of infections.
5- For deep scars that can occur as a result of how severe the injury actually was, one of the best things that you can do is apply silicone scar gel. This is typically either administered as a gel which will solidify over the top of the healing wound, or it can be like a Band-Aid with the silicone in between the sticky part of the bandage.
Silicone actually helps prevent scars from forming and should be added to significant wounds that will end up with something very ugly. You will want to purchase this either online, or at your local store, so that you can not only help the wound heal, but prevent a scar from forming.
5 Don’ts For Wounds
6- One thing that you will never want to do if you have a slight or significant injury where the skin has been broken and is exposed to the air is to leave it open without first cleaning the area which was injured, something that, if not done, could lead to significant infections.
7- After the bandage has been applied to the affected area, the last thing that you want to do is leave that same bandage on for several days. It is sometimes a good idea to change it every 12 hours, or as your doctor recommends, depending upon the severity of the injury.
Infections can spring up literally overnight, and if you are not making sure that this area is clean, you could end up with a much more significant problem that could be avoided by simply changing the bandage.
8- Before applying the bandage, after you have used hydrogen peroxide or even soap and water to clean the area, make sure that you have added some type of antibacterial gel so that infections will have a much harder time getting started. Without doing this, you are actually inviting infections to occur.
9- If the wound is quite deep, before you decide to bandage it yourself, you might want to consider going to the emergency room if it needs to be sewn up. Many people make the mistake of simply believing that both sides of the wound are magically going to come together, yet there is no possibility of this if the injury is significant.
You could end up with an unsightly atrophic scar that will not heal properly. By taking the time to go to a physician, or your local emergency room, they can so everything up to give you the best chance of healing in the most effective manner.
10- One final thing to avoid doing if you are trying to tend to a wound yourself is using the wrong type of bandage. Instead of applying three or four Band-Aids over an area that obviously needs to be wrapped with a particular type of gauze and medical tape, you could actually expose the wound long enough to allow infections to begin.
5 Do’s For Burns
11- The first thing that you need to do when you are dealing with a burn is to make sure that you cool the burn down. This can be done by running cool, not cold, water over the affected area, at least until the paramedics or burn unit arrives.
If this is something small, you can probably do this underneath your kitchen sink, and once the pain has diminished, it will be time to move on to the next step which is to protect the burn.
12- In order to protect the burn, you will want to wrap the area with a non-adhesive bandage, or if you do not have that available, a clean sterile cloth will work. You do not want to do what most people will recommend which is apply some type of ointment or butter because this can actually cause infections to occur.
13- Once this is properly covered, it’s time to deal with the pain and depending upon how much skin has been burned, it could be quite significant. If it is bad, then you need to go to the emergency room right away in order to get proper treatment, and also medications that can help with the pain.
14- See a physician as soon as possible that this is something that you cannot handle yourself. If you do not, you can end up having an infection, significant scarring, or other complications. If you have tried to do this on your own, and the swelling and redness will not dissipate, you will need to go to a medical facility to get this treated.
15- After your burn has been treated, it is imperative that you get antibiotics. You will also want to get a prescription for pain medication if you are not able to deal with the pain, but antibiotics are an absolute must.
5 Don’ts For Burns
16- The common practice of applying any type of ointment to a burn in order to make it feel better, or perhaps prevent an infection from occurring, is something that only applies to a wound. If you have a burn, the last thing that you want to do is touch it in any way. Your prime directive is to always get it covered.
17- Once the wound is covered, if it is significant, you will always want to go to a doctor. Most people fear having to pay the doctor bill because they do not have insurance, but in reality, if they allow an infection to get started, or they do not properly treat the burn, it is possible that it will cost them significantly more in order to treat this condition.
18- In order to immediately address the burn, some people believe that you should get ice and placed the ice on top of the burn to make the pain go away. This could actually damage the skin significantly, even more than has already occurred, and could also contribute to significant scarring later on.
Only use cool water on the burn, wrap it up as quickly as possible, and get to a doctor as soon as you can. This is definitely the course of action that you should take if it is a bad burn, and not doing so is definitely the wrong choice.
19- Another mistake that people make when they have a burn is to not go to a follow-up appointment later on. They believe that once it has been taken care of by the doctor, it will simply heal on its own, and there is nothing more to do.
Regardless of how you feel, or if you believe that the burn is healing right on schedule, schedule a follow-up appointment. If you don’t do this, there is always the possibility that you could be looking at a significant infection, and a sizable scar, if something has gone wrong and you are not able to deal with it.
20- One final tip that should always be taken seriously is to never pop blisters if it is a significant burn. You might believe that doing so will actually help the healing process, but the blisters are actually doing this instead.
If you do pop them, infections can get into the areas that have not healed and you are looking at a significant problem.
Stay away from the blisters, and simply follow the recommendations that are presented by your doctor in order to get the best results.
This brief overview of what you should do, and what you should avoid, when dealing with wounds and burns, will help you with the healing process when these things occur, simple strategies that always work.
Sometimes we are not always in the proper frame of mind when we are injured in some way. By following these simple tips for handling burns and wounds that you may have to deal with, you will be able to have less scarring, and avoid infections, helping you to become completely healed.